In italy the Police can stop you any time and you must have with you your driving license and an identity document (passport, id card). If you fail to show them to the officers, you could be required to report to the police station for id check and/or be fined.
Seat belts are compulsory in Italy and in additional is compulsory for children until from 4 to 12 yo to be seated in the back of cars and wearing a seat belt.
Autostrada Motorway, marked by green signs
Superstrada Fast dual carriageway marked by blue signs
Strada Statale/Nazionale Marked SS and SN, these are secondary roads also marked by blue signs
Strada bianca Local road, generally signed and marked in white. These are usual in countryside or in the mountains
Motorways/Autostrade 130 Km/h
Superstrada 90 Km/h
Built up areas/town 50 Km/h
Good to know : Police speed checks and speed cameras have become more frequent in recent years; when cameras are in place there are signs warning that you are entering into a monitored area.
ROAD SIGNS AND REGULATIONS
Italian road signs are standardised to European norms. Circular signs are used to announce restrictions and the end of them. Most road signs are self-explanatory however below is a glossary of some less familiar terms:
Accendere i fari in galleria Switch lights in on a tunnel
Caduta massi Falling stones
Divieto di accesso No entry
Divieto di sorpasso No overtaking
Divieto di transito No right of way
Rallentare Slow down
Senso unico One way street
-Should a driver travelling from the opposite directionsflash its lights at you this is usually to warn you that speed checks is up ahead!
-Almost every old man expecially in countryside hold an"Ape" (bee), a 3 wheeled van. Ape is known to be particularly slow, so slowing down your trip if you come across one of them. Also, to drive an ape you don't need a license ...
-The driver with the hat is dangerous. Any hat. there are no logical explanations of the phenomenon.
We have to rely on empirical observations , substantiated by statistics. Usually, the are Ape drivers. Forewarned is forearmed!